Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 80-89
Breeding Objective, Selection Criteria and Breeding Practice of Indigenous Goat Types in Ancher and Gemechis Districts, Eastern Ethiopia
Mohammed Yousuf, Department of Animal Science, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Tesfaye Getachew, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Elias Bayou, Department Animal Science, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 18, 2020;       Accepted: Dec. 1, 2020;       Published: Dec. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cbe.20200504.12      View  81      Downloads  18
Abstract
This study was aimed to generate basic information on breeding objective, selection criteria and breeding practice of indigenous goat type under farmer’s management condition in Ancher and Gemechis districts, Eastern Ethiopia. The study was performed based on household survey. About 240 households (120 from each district) were used for household survey. Appearance, color, testicular characteristics and horn were most important traits considered by farmers to choose breeding bucks in Ancher and Gemechis district. Appearance and coat color ranked as first and second, respectively followed by better milk yield in Ancher and twinning ability in Gemechis district as third criteria for selection breeding does. The average age at first sexual maturity of male in Ancher and Gemechis district were 7.6±0.07 and 7.4±0.06 months, respectively, in the meantime female goats were the average age at first sexual maturity in Ancher and Gemechis districts was 7.8±0.07 and 7.6±0.06 months, respectively. The mean of age at first kidding for Ancher and Gemechis districts goat 12.9±0.15 and 12.5±0.14 months, respectively. Mean estimate of effective population size and mean rate of inbreeding was 2.4 and 0.21, respectively when a household flock is herded alone and under random mating. Therefore, any breed improvement strategies that are intended to be implemented in the study area and otherwise- where should consider the traditional breeding practices and breeding objectives of the community.
Keywords
Breeding System, Selection Criteria, Goat Type
To cite this article
Mohammed Yousuf, Tesfaye Getachew, Elias Bayou, Breeding Objective, Selection Criteria and Breeding Practice of Indigenous Goat Types in Ancher and Gemechis Districts, Eastern Ethiopia, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 80-89. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20200504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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