Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 41-44
Nutritional and Food Security Status of Children Under Five Years in Ethiopia: A Review
Tamiru Yazew, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agriculture, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 31, 2019;       Published: Mar. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cbe.20200501.17      View  170      Downloads  43
Abstract
Malnutrition in children remains one of the most important public health and developmental problems in the developing world, mainly affecting the poor and under privileged. Children are most vulnerable to malnutrition in developing countries because of low dietary intakes, lack of appropriate feeding practices, food insecurity and inequitable distribution of food within the households. Therefore, this paper was designed to review nutritional and food security status of children under five years in Ethiopia. The review showed that child under nutrition in Ethiopia is a concern for the households with poor economic level and it covers large areas and affects significant number of people. This work also reviewed that in different regions of Ethiopia, magnitude of under nutrition and food insecurity were very high in rural areas where livelihood depends on backward farming system. Moreover, this work indicate that household food insecurity is a critical variable for understanding the nutritional status of children in low income countries; as low income is associated with poor diet, food insecurity and poor child health. Therefore, depending on reviewed document, to address nutritional and food security issue in Ethiopia, all responsible bodies should incorporate different research outputs to design programs to tackle under nutrition and food insecurity problems in Ethiopia.
Keywords
Nutritional Status, Food Insecurity, Children Under Five Years, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Tamiru Yazew, Nutritional and Food Security Status of Children Under Five Years in Ethiopia: A Review, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 41-44. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20200501.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Ali D, Saha KK, Nguyen PH, Diressie MT, Ruel MT, Menon P &Rawa R. (2013) Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Higher Child Undernutrition in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Vietnam, but the Effect Is Not Mediated by Child Dietary Diversity. Journal of Community and International Nutrition. Volume 143: pp.
[2]
Bokora CH. (2015) The Role of Safety Net in Ensuring Food Security: The Case of East Harerghe Zone. Journal of Behavioral Economics, Finance, Entrepreneurship, Accounting and Transport. Volume 3 (2): 76-82.
[3]
Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. (2014) Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Survey. Addis Ababa: Central Statistical Agency.
[4]
Christina A. (2011) Dietary Diversity is Associated with Nutrient Intakes and Nutritional Status of Children in Ghana. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences. Vol 2: 105-109.
[5]
Degnet Abebaw &Tadiwos Zewdie. (2013) Determinants of Child Malnutrition: Empirical Evidence from Kombolcha District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. Volume 52 (4): 357-372.
[6]
Endalew B, Muche M &Tadesse S. (2015) Assessment of Food Security Situation in Ethiopia: A Review. Asian Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 55-68.
[7]
Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute (EHNRI). (2009). Baseline survey report for the national nutrition program. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 10: 10-12.
[8]
Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey. (2011). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia/Calverton, MD, USA: Central Statistical Agency/ORC Macro
[9]
Food and Agricultural Organization. (2008) Guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity (Version 4). FAO nutrition and consumer protection division with support from the EC/FAO food security information for action program and Nutritional Technical Assistance Project version 4, Rome, Italy.
[10]
Food and Agricultural Organization. (2010) Food and Agriculture Organization Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity. Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
[11]
Food and Agricultural Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development &World Food Program (2014) The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition; Rome, FAO. FAO (2008). Regional Strategies and Program for Food Security in SAARC Member States. Kathmandu: FAO.
[12]
Ghattas H. (2014) Food Security and Nutrition in the context of the Global Nutrition Transition. Technical Paper. FAO, Rome.
[13]
Hirvonen A and Hoddinott J, (2014) Targeting food security interventions when “everyone is poor”: The case of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme International Food Policy Research Institute.
[14]
Kandeepan K, Balakumara S & Arasaratnama V (2016) Nutritional status and food insecurity among the children in Northern Sri Lanka. Procedia Food Science; 6: pp 220–224.
[15]
Kahsay A, Mulugeta A & Seid O. (2015) Nutritional Status of Children aged 6-59 months from Food Secure and Food Insecure Households in Rural Communities of Saesie Tsaeda-Emba District, Tigray, North Ethiopia: Comparative Study. Clinical Medicine Research. Vol 4 (1): pp. 51-65.
[16]
Kebede A Habtamu F & Akalu A. (2012) Nutritional Status of Children in Food Insecure Households in Two Districts of North Showa Zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 12 (2). ISSN 16845374.
[17]
Mengistu K, Alemu K & Destaw B. (2013) Prevalence of Malnutrition and Associated Factors Among Children Aged 6-59 Months at Hidabu Abote District, North Shewa, Oromia Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy.
[18]
Motbainor A, Worku A & Kumie A. (2015) Stunting Is Associated with Food Diversity whileWasting with Food Insecurity among Underfive Children in East and West Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. PLoS One. Vol 10 (8).
[19]
Nishani H, Ubeysekara RJ & Champa JW. (2015) Nutritional status and associated feeding practices among children aged 6-24 months in a selected community in Sri Lanka: A cross sectional study. European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol 3 (21): 15-23.
[20]
Poel EV, Hosseinpoor AR, Speybroeck N, Ourti T & Vega J. (2008) Socioeconomic inequality in malnutrition in developing countries. Research inequality in malnutrition. Vol 86 (4): pp 282-291.
[21]
Regional Hunger and Vulnerability Programme. (2007) Lessons from Ethiopia on a scaled-up national safety net programme, wahenga brief number 14. Global and regional exposures.
[22]
Sarah CB, Daniel OG, John H, Neha K, Alemayehu S & Wiseman W. (2013) Targeting Food Security Interventions: The Case of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program. International Food Policy Research Institute.
[23]
United Nations Children’s Fund. (2013) Improving child nutrition, the achievable imperative for global progress.
[24]
United Nations Children’s Fund. (2014) Assessment of food security in Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Agriculture.
[25]
Vieira C, Morais B, Spolidoro VN, Toporovski S, Cardoso L, Araujo TB Nudelman V &Fonseca CM. (2010) A Survey on clinical presentation and nutritional status of infants with suspected cow' milk allergy. BMC pediatrics. Vol 10 (25).
[26]
World Health Organization. (2010) Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices part 3- country profiles. Geneva, Switzerland.
[27]
World Health Organization. (2011) Millennium Development Goals: progress towards the health-related Millennium Development Goals. Fact sheet Levels and Trends in Child.
[28]
Yalew BM. (2014) Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months at Lalibela Town Administration, North Wollo Zone, Anrs, Northern Ethiopia. J Nutr Disorders Ther; Volume 4: 132.
Browse journals by subject