Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 52-58
Genetic Variability on Grain Yield and Related Agronomic Traits of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes Under Soil Acidity Stress in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia
Mesfin Tadele, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta, Ethiopia; School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Wassu Mohammed, School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Mussa Jarso, Holetta Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holetta, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 19, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 23, 2019;       Published: Jan. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cbe.20190404.12      View  554      Downloads  138
Faba bean is the leading in area coverage and total production of pulses in Ethiopia. However, soil acidity becomes the major production limiting factor of faba bean in the highlands of Ethiopia. Information on genetic variability and heritability of faba bean genotypes on different traits under soil acidity stress is scanty. Thus, this study was conducted to estimate genetic variability of faba bean genotypes on grain yield and related traits at soil of pH 4.66, 4.96 and 4.49 at Holetta, Watebecha Minjaro and Jeldu, respectively, during 2017 main cropping season. The experiment comprised 50 faba bean genotypes arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were collected on grain yield (g/5plants) and some other agronomic traits: days to 50% flowering, days to 90% maturity, grain filling period, plant height (cm), number of poding nodes/plant, number of pods/ poding node, number of pods/plant, chocolate spot disease (%) and 100-seeds weight (g). Analysis of variance for traits studied showed significant differences among genotypes, locations and their interaction (P ≤ 0.01) for all traits except number of pods/poding node for the interaction. Computed genotypic (GCV) and phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) values were ranged from 1.08-23.05 and 1.20-23.26%, respectively, whereas heritability (H2) and genetic advance as percent of the mean (GAM) ranged from 24.63 -98.22% and 2.0 - 47.13%, respectively. The highest values for all components were recorded for 100-seeds weight while lowest values except for H2 computed for days to 90% maturity. The observed PCV and GCV values were high for 100-seed weight and moderate for grain yield, number of poding node/plant and pod/plant. The values of PCV were higher than GCV for all traits. Hence, the high variation between PCV and GCV (6.78) for chocolate spot was due to environmental stress (soil acidity) besides the genetic constitution of tested genotypes. High H2 and GAM were observed for 100-seeds weight, number of pod/plant and poding node/plant. Traits with high H2 indicated that selection based on mean would be successful in improving the traits. Therefore, selection based on phenotypic performance of genotypes would be effective to improve traits that have high GAM coupled with high H2 estimates.
Faba Bean, Genetic Advance, Grain Yield, Heritability, Soil Acidity, Variability
To cite this article
Mesfin Tadele, Wassu Mohammed, Mussa Jarso, Genetic Variability on Grain Yield and Related Agronomic Traits of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes Under Soil Acidity Stress in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20190404.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics). 2018. Statistical database of agricultural production. Rome, Italy.
Alene, T. and Bezabih, A. 2012. Genotype x Environment interaction and stability analysis of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties in North Ethiopia. Libyan Journal of International, 3 (4): 195-200.
CSA (Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia). 2017/18. Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private peasant holdings, meher season). Statistical Bulletin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1 (586): 10-29.
Crépon, K., Marget, P., Peyronnet, C., Carrouée, B., Arese, P. and Duc, G. 2010. Nutritional value of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) seeds for feed and food. Field Crops Research, 115: 329-339.
Tesfaye, T., Azanaw, A., Tilahun, G., mulat, K. and Sahile, S. 2015. Evaluation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) varieties against chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) in North Gondar, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (30): 2984-2988.
Keneni, G., Fikre, A. and Eshete, M. 2016. Reflections on Highland Pulses Improvement Research in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1 (16): 17-50.
Tadele, M. 2019. Breeding achievements of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and its impact in the livelihood of Ethiopian farmers. International Journal of Agriculture and Bioscicence 8 (5): 263-269.
IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute). 2010. Fertilizer and Soil Fertility Potential in Ethiopia. Working Paper. Washington: IFPRI. Institute. UK.
Jida, M. and Assefa, F. 2014. Effects of Acidity on Growth and Symbiotic Performance of Rhizobium leguminosarum pv. viciae Strains Isolated from Faba Bean Producing Areas of Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Reseasrch Journal, 3 (2): 26-33.
Fekadu, E., Kibret K., Melese, A. and Bedadi, B. 2018. Yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) as affected by lime, mineral P, farmyard manure, compost and rhizobium in acid soil of lay gayint district, northwestern highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture and Food Security, 7 (16): 1-11.
Fageria, N. K., Baligar, V. C., Melo, L. C. and de Oliveira, J. P. 2012. Differential soil acidity tolerance of dry bean genotypes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43 (11): 1523-153.
Allard, R. W. 1960. Principle of Plant Breeding. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Publisher, New York, USA.
Solieman, T. H. I. and Ragheb, E. I. M. 2014. Two selection methods and estimation of some important genetic parameters in broad bean (Vicia faba L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science, 6 (1): 38-48.
Hamza, F. E., Khalifa, G. E. and Ahmed, A. A. 2017. Assessment of genotypic and phenotypic variability, heritability and genetic advance for seed yield and related agronomic traits in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes in the Northern State, Sudan. Net Journal of Agricultural Science, 5 (2): 48-52.
Ejara, E., Mohammed, W. and Amsalu, B. 2016. Genetic variability, heritability and expected genetic advance of yield and yield related traits in common bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Abaya and Yabello, Southern Ethiopia. African Journal of Biotechnology, 17 (31): 973-980.
Haridy, M. H. and El-Said, M. A. A. 2016. Estimates of Genetic Parameters Using Populations in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L). Journal of Plant Production, Mansoura University, 7 (12): 1443 -1447.
Sekhon B. S., Singh Y., Sharma S., Verma A., Sharma S. and Vishalakshi. 2017. Genetic Variability and Interrelationships of Yield and Yield Components in Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.). Indian Journal of Ecology, 44 (4): 877-882.
Fikreselassie, M. and Seboka, H. 2012. Genetic variability on seed yield and related traits of elite faba bean (Vicia faba l.) genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 15 (8): 380-385.
Mulualem T., Dessalegn, T. and Dessalegn, Y. 2013. Genetic variability, heritability and correlation in some faba bean genotypes (Vicia faba L.) grown in North. International Journal Genetics and Mololecular Biology 5 (1): 8-12.
Bakhiet, M. A., El-Said, R. A., Raslan, M. A, and Abdalla, N. G. 2015. Genetic variability, heritability and correlation in some faba bean genotypes under different sowing dates. World Applied Sciences Journal, 33 (8): 1315-1324.
El-Badawy, N. F., Abo-Hegazy, S. R., Mazen, M. M. and El-Menem, H. A. 2012. Evaluation of some faba bean genotypes against chocolate spot disease using cDNA fragments of chitinase gene and some traditional methods. Asian Journal of Agricultural research, 6 (2): 60-72.
Singh, M. and Ceccarelli, S. 1996. Estimation of heritability of crop traits from variety trial data. Technical Manual International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
SAS Institute. 2010. SAS/STAT guide for personal computers, version 9.3 edition. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Johnson, H. W., Robinson, H. F. and Comstock, R. F. 1955. Genotypic and Phenotypic correlation in soybean and their implication in selection. Agronomy Journal, 47: 477-483.
Kumar, P., Das, R. R., Bishnoi, S. K. and Sharma, V. 2017. Inter-correlation and path analysis in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 8 (1): 395-397.
Mitiku, A. and Wolde, M. 2015. Effect of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties on Yield Attributes at Sinana and Agarfa Districts of Bale Zone, Southeastern Ethiopia. Jordan Journal of Biological Science, 4 (8): 281-286.
Temesgen T., Keneni G. and Mohammad H. 2015. Genetic progresses from over three decades of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) breeding in Ethiopia. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 9 (1): 41-48.
Keneni G., Bekele E., Assefa F., Imtiaz M., Debele T., Dagne K. and Getu E. 2015. Characterization of Ethiopian chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasm accessions for phosphorus uptake and use efficiency II. Interrelationships of characters and gains from selection. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Science and Technolology, 6 (2): 77-96.
Ceccarelli, S. and Grando, S. 1996. Importance of specific adaptation in breeding for marginal conditions. pp 34-58, In: Gebre H. and Van Leur J. (Eds.). Barley research in Ethiopia: Past work and future prospects. Proc. 1st Barley Research Review Workshop, 16-19 Oct 1993, Addis Ababa: IAT/ICARDA. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Rosielle, A. and Hamblin, J. 1981. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environments. Crop Science, 21: 943-946.
Browse journals by subject